Published: 12:37, May 15, 2024 | Updated: 14:55, May 15, 2024
EU adopts historic new rules on asylum seekers
By Xinhua
This photo taken on March 13, 2024 and handout on March 14, 2024 by international humanitarian organization SOS Mediterranee, shows a rescuing operation of migrants by the Ocean Viking rescue vessel in the Libyan search and rescue region in international waters. (HANDOUT / SOS MEDITERRANEE VIA AFP)

BRUSSELS / WARSAW - The European Union (EU) on Tuesday adopted a new set of rules aimed at easing the burden of member states on the frontline of migration.

The Pact is made up of ten new legislative acts, which will reform the entire European framework for asylum and migration management.

They include rules on the updated Eurodac database, and the regulations on screening, the asylum procedure, the return border procedure, and asylum and migration management, as well as regulations on resettlement, crisis, qualification and reception conditions

They include rules on the updated Eurodac database, and the regulations on screening, the asylum procedure, the return border procedure, and asylum and migration management, as well as regulations on resettlement, crisis, qualification and reception conditions.

They will help determine which EU country is responsible for an asylum application, ensure a fairer sharing of responsibility among EU countries, and ensure that decisions on applications for international protection are made fairly and efficiently. The texts also propose a two-year EU resettlement and humanitarian plan, and help EU countries resettle people across the EU.

ALSO READ: Europe struggles to fix migrant predicament

"The European Union will also continue its close cooperation with third countries to tackle the root causes of irregular migration," said Nicole de Moor, Belgian State Secretary for Asylum and Migration, whose country currently holds the rotating presidency of the EU Council.

The reception conditions directive, qualification regulation and EU resettlement framework were first proposed in 2016, immediately after the migrant crisis that took place across Europe in 2015. Other regulations were proposed in 2020.

The EU member states will have two years to implement the new laws.

Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk addresses participants during the opening session of XVI European Economic Congress (EEC) in Katowice, Poland, on May 7, 2024. (PHOTO / AFP)

Meanwhile, Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk said on Tuesday that "Poland will not accept any migrants" under the newly adopted EU pact on migration and asylum.

Tusk told a press conference after a meeting of the Council of Ministers that his government voted against the pact. He said the pact "adopted in this form, as today, gives Poland the opportunity to avoid any negative consequences. Poland will become a beneficiary of the pact."

He stressed that Poland, which has taken in hundreds of thousands of migrants, will not be obliged to accept further migrants, and the EU will not impose any migrant quotas on Poland.

The prime minister also said that his country will effectively enforce financial support from the EU in relation to hosting migrants from the bloc's eastern neighbors.

.